Archived Teaching with the Bible Topics  

Daniel, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego
(Discussion Questions)


Daniel, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego (The Kings Food)
Read Daniel 1

Print/ Download Questions -- Daniel, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego                                                             (The Kings Food)

  • Who are the major characters in this chapter?
    • Who is Ashpenaz? [chief of the eunuchs]
      • Melzar? [the steward to Daniel, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego]
      • Belteshazzar? [the name means “protect his life.” The chief eunuch named Daniel, Belteshazzar.]
      • Shadrach? [name given to Hananiah]
      • Meshach? [name given to Mishael]
      • Abed-nego? [name given to Azariah]
      • Jehoiakim? [king of Judah]
      • Nebuchadnezzar? [king of Babylon]
  • What kind of food did the King want the Children of Israel to eat?
  • Why wouldn’t Daniel and his friends eat the king’s food?
    • Would you have rejected eating the food fit for a king?
    • What food did they want to eat?
    • What is pulse? [Some Bible dictionaries claim it is vegetables; beans and legumes; or meal and legumes (peas, beans and lentils). The Hebrews were insistent about abiding by Jewish dietary laws.]
      • Would that mean Daniel and his friends were vegetarians?
      • Why was pulse better than the king’s meat?
      • What is the purpose of a diet?
  • Think about what God supplied people with when they needed to be fed.
    • What does that say about what we all eat today?
    • How many foods are in the Bible?

Daniel Interprets the King's Dream
Read Daniel 2
Make certain this is age appropriate for your students

Print/ Download Questions -- Daniel Interprets the King's Dream

  • Who had a dream?
  • Who did the king call to interpret the dream?
  • What happened?
  • Who interpreted the dream?
  • What was the interpretation of the dream? (Daniel 2:36-49)
  • What was Daniel’s reward for interpreting the dream?
  • Who gave Daniel the ability to interpret the king’s dream?

The Fiery Furnace (Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego)
Read Daniel 3

Print/ Download Questions -- The Fiery Furnace

  • Who was the King?
  • What did the King create?
  • What did the King want the people to do when they heard the music?
  • Have you ever heard music from a cornet, flute, harp, sackbut, psaltery, or dulcimer?
  • What is a cornet? [horn] Flute? Harp? Sackbut? [in the book of Daniel, it is a string instrument; elsewhere in the Bible, it is a wind instrument with a slide similar to a trombone], Psaltery? [a harp with a soprano register] Dulcimer? [In Daniel, it's more like a bagpipe]. Curiously enough, the line opens with two wind instruments, goes to three string instruments (varied in the number of strings each has), and closes with a wind instrument.

Teachers: If any of these instruments are available for you to bring to church, it adds to the lesson. If possible, make an audio recording of each of these instruments and bring pictures of each one so the children can hear and see the differences. Once you have them recorded, they can be used in the telling of the story. If you have pupils who play a musical instrument, ask them to bring their instruments to class and they can provide the music for that part of the story.

  • What was the penalty if they didn't bow down to the image when the music played?
  • Name the three Hebrew boys who refused to bow down to this image.
  • What were their names before King Nebuchadnezzar changed them? (Dan. 1:6,7) [Shadrach was Hananiah, Meshach was Mishael, and Abed-nego was Azariah]
  • How did the King respond when he heard that Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego wouldn't pray to his gods or bow to his image of gold?
  • Anger certainly can make people hot under the collar. Did the King's rage get hot like a fiery furnace? Was he heated 7 times greater than normal?
  • Why is anger bad?
  • Who does anger hurt?
  • How did the three Hebrew boys respond to the King's anger?

Dan 3:17,18 If it be so, our God whom we serve is able to deliver us from the burning fiery furnace, and he will deliver us out of thine hand, O king. But if not, be it known unto thee, O king, that we will not serve thy gods, nor worship the golden image which thou hast set up.

  • Describe what it feels like to stand up to evil?
  • What did it take for these Hebrew boys to willingly submit to the fire rather than compromise their belief and faith in God?
  • Are you faced with those kinds of challenges today?
  • How hot did the King get the furnace?
  • When the King looked into the furnace, what did he see? [see Q&A in Bible Overview]
  • Who saved Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego?
  • What was unusual about their appearance when they came out of the furnace?
  • What kinds of things are we tempted to bow down to?
  • Name some fiery furnace experiences that you have faced. [Not that you've actually been put into a fire, but you have been put in uncomfortable circumstances as a result of taking a stand for good.]
  • How have you dealt with difficult situations?
  • Did you think you could come out of it without "the smell of fire?"
  • What would the "smell of fire" be like today? [Any hurt that we carry with us from the past?]
  • What lessons do you learn from the story of the three Hebrew boys?

Daniel Interprets the Writing on the Wall
Read Daniel 5

Print/ Download Questions -- Daniel Interprets the Writing on the Wall

  • What unusual thing happened at dinner?
  • What was written on the wall?
  • What does MENE, MENE, TEKEL, UPHARSIN mean?
  • What happened to the king after Daniel gave him the interpretation?
  • Who gives us the power to understand what happens in our lives?

Daniel in the Lions' Den
Read Daniel 6

Print/ Download Questions -- Daniel in the Lions' Den

  • How do you know God?
  • How do you rely on one God?
  • What kind of a man was Daniel?
  • What did Daniel know about God?
  • Why were the princes jealous of Daniel?
  • What is jealousy?
  • How do you deal with jealousy? (Either being jealous yourself or others being jealous of you?)
  • What was in the law the King signed?
  • What did the princes catch Daniel doing?
  • Why didn’t Daniel observe the King’s law, knowing he’d be thrown into the den with lions?
  • Why didn’t Daniel try to hide the fact that he was praying?
  • Do you think the king wanted Daniel to die? Why or why not?
  • Who shut the lions’ mouths?
  • Why couldn’t the King sleep?
  • What are some modern lions’ den experiences?
  • Do your friends ever try to talk you out of being obedient to God or to your parents?
  • How often do you pray each day?
  • Why is praying important?
  • Do you have that deep abiding faith in God to deliver you from all evil?
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